Tuesday, December 23, 2014

IN MEMORY OF VETERAN COMMUNIST REVOLUTIONARY LEADERS.

IN MEMORY OF VETERAN COMMUNIST REVOLUTIONARY LEADERS.

1. Remembering Comrade Promode Sen Gupta: On November 18, the comrade breathed his last while working on manuscript he was preparing for the press.

Beginning from his student days he was active in politics, both as writer and organizer. In 1926 he was entered in a village and then deported. He had since then a colorful life , joining the Spanish civil war, and then fighting in the anti fascist guerrilla war in France under the French Communist party, and then living as a detenue in the Fascist concentration camp at Tulu. He then joined Subash Bose's INA as minister of propaganda. And after the fall of Berlin, he was first not arrested by the Red Army, but later was captured by the British Army, and placed for severe interrogation by the Indian Army officer Cariappa (who later became the Indian Army Chief). While he was in the Cariappa concentration camp, there was huge post war pro INA mass upsurge in India, and Sen Gupta was released along with others. On coming back home, he joined the Communist Party of India and subsequently the Communist Party of India (Marxist) and organised the Naxalbary Krishak Sahayak Samiti as president, but in the end of 1968 he differed with Charu Mazumdar and left the association on the issue of individual annihilation in the name of guerrilla war terming it as anti Marxist.

However, he maintained connections with the Marxist-Leninist s worked hard to bring to notice of the international working class and honest intellectuals the plight of the political prisoners in the Indian Jails through the 'Association for Protection of democratic Rights' (APDR); which was fought for release of communist Revolutionaries and democratic rights of suppressed people of India. And a fighter for Indian democratic and civil rights, Comrade Sen Gupta will ever be remembered.

2.Remembering Comrade Chandra Pulla Reddy and Comrade Satyanarayan Sing:

Comrade Chandra Pulla Reddy, General Secretary of one of the CPI(ML) groups, died of a massive heart attack at Calcutta on 9th November, 1984, at the age of 66 years. Comrade Chandra Pulla Reddy has been in underground since 1968, in face of fierce state repression threatening his life. It is learn that he was seriously ill since over a month before his death. Yet even against medical advice, he traveled to Calcutta on party work; thus risking his life for the cause he took upon since his student days. Comrade CP is known for his hard work and determination in carrying out what ever he took upon. We pay homage to the departed leader.

Comrade CP was born in a middle peasant family on 1st September 1918, in velugodu, a village in Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh. After completing his school in Kurnool, he went to Madras Loyola College where he completed intermediate course. Later he joined the Gindy Engineering College, Madras, where he came under the influence of the National movement against the British rule.

Comrade CP came to the forefront as one of the student leaders who organised a students strike, protesting against the arrest of Nehru in 1940, and also the protest movement against the imperialist war in those days. Around the same time he came under the influence of Marxism – Leninism through Mohan Kumara Mangalam who was a Communist leader in those days. Thus he become a communist.

In 1940 itself, when he was in the second year course of the Engineering College, CP was expelled from the college for his nationalist and anti-war activities. He was issued a suomoto order ( that he shall not be admitted any college, any where) when he contemptuously refused to give an apology to the college authorities.

After he was refused admission into a degree college at Madanapalle (Andhra Predesh) where he planned to work as a student organizer, CP fully devoted himself to the Communist movement in India. He became a party organizer in Kurnool district committee and a member of the State Committee of the Communist Party from 1944 to 1966.

During the period of Telangana armed struggle, he went to underground and worked to build the communist revolutionary movement in Rayalaseema region, then under Madras Province. In 1952 he was elected to the Madras assembly as communist party candidate. Beginning from from the quit India movement in 1942 he was arrested and put in prison a number of times – in 1942, 1950, 1952 and 1964-66. But neither any hardship nor the repeated imprisonment could defeat his courage and conviction.

Along with comrades Tarimela Nagi Reddy and Devulapali Venkateswara Rao, he was in the forefront of the revolutionary wing of the communist party during the decade of great debate from 1957 to 1967. With the first split in the CPI he joined the CPI(M) and was a Secretariat member of its Andhra Pradesh State Committee, during 1966 – 1968. During this period when the CPI(M) leadership exposed its neo-revisionist face, Comrade CP waged a determined struggle along with Comrades TN and DV to expose and isolate the Neo-revisionist leadership in Andhra. He effectively presented alternative draft of Andhra Communist Revolutionaries at CPI(M)'s Burdwan plenum. Subsequently along with other he was in the forefront in organizing the Communist Revolutionary ranks, and in the struggle against neo-revisionism and also Charu Mazumdar's left adventurist policies during 1968-69.

however, soon he parted company with Comrades Tarimela Nagi Reddy and Devulapalli Venkateswara Rao and organized another group; then the CPI(ML), in association with SNS in 1974. After a long pass of the time, the then UCCRI(ML) and CPI(ML)CP Reddy wing – two organisations established contact and embark on constructive relations, since 1982. Not withstanding some differences on certain important questions they have been striving to develop a common understanding through discussions and joint activities on the issues agreed upon by respective mass organisations. During these discussions Comrade CP expressed deep concern for unity.

COMRADE SATYANARAYAN SING, General Secretary of one of the CPI(ML) group, died on 21.10.84 at the age of 62 years. He died of a massive heart attack, in King George Hospital at Visakhapatanam (Andhra Pradesh). Comrade SNS has been one of the prominent leaders of the CPI(ML) groups which have been struggling to arrive at a correct understanding and practice of Indian Revolution.

Comrade SNS was in Secretariat of CPI(M)'s Bihar State committee in mid sixties. In late sixties he broke off from neo-revisionists and joined the All India Co-ordination Committee of Communist Revolutionaries. When the CPI(ML) was formed under the leadership of Charu Mazumdar, Com. SNS became of its Central Committee.

Subsequently, opposing some aspects of Charu Mazumdar's left adventurism, he broke off from the CPI(ML) and organized another under the same name in 1972. Com. SNS had been the General Secretary of the then CPI(ML) which passed through various developments under his leadership.

His sudden death was a great disappointment. Not withstanding his mistakes, Comrade SNS has been hard working and energetic comrade who sacrificed his life in the Communist Revolutionary Movement.

We pay our homage to the veteran Communist leaders Comrade Promode Sen Gupta, Comrade CP Reddy and Comrade SNS. We pledge to learn from these leaders positive and negative experiences of their role in the Indian Communist movement and carry forward our struggle for a principled unity and for the cause of India Revolution.

[ This article is from 'CLASSSTRUGGLE' – Organ of the Central Committee of CPI (ML).
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Tuesday, November 11, 2014

FOREWORD TO CPI(ML) CONSTITUTION.


FOREWORD OF CONSTITUTION OF CPI (ML) (Finalized form).
New Democratic Revolution in India is taking place in the era of imperialism and proletarian revolution, when imperialism headed by US imperialism is striving for world hegemony. The New Democratic Revolution in India led by the Communist Party, as the vanguard of the proletariat, is an integral part of the world Proletarian Socialist Revolution. The historical task of the Communist party is to give leadership to the Indian proletariat in this momentous struggle by mobilizing all revolutionary classes, sections and masses of people for it. The CPI (ML) upholds Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tse Tung Thought, fighting against revisionism, sectarian positions and left adventurism. The CPI (ML) is committed to the task of uniting the genuine Communists in our country and paving the way for the building of the Communist Party which is capable of leading the New Democratic Revolution in the country of more than 100 Crores of people. The CPI (ML) dedicates itself to the great revolutionary cause of building the Communist Party to lead the masses of Indian people in protracted revolutionary struggle to overthrow the present system and complete the tasks of the New Democratic Revolution leading towards Socialism and Communism.
Here are the Common Points on the evolution of Party History for 1967-72:
COMMON POINTS,
1.    After Telangana, the Naxalbari uprising and Srikakulam movement provided an excellent opportunity to break free from the chains of revisionism and no-revisionism which dominated the communist movement at that time and to take steps to build a genuine party of the proletariat guided by Marxism-Leninism-Mao’s thought.
2.    The formation of AICCCR was a correct step in the direction of bringing the CR forces inside the Communist Movement on a common platform.
3.    Soon after the formation of AICCCR, the left sectarian trend gained ground which scuttled the phenomenal growth and expansion the AICCCR as a platform of CRs coming from different parts of the country.
4.    As the left sectarian line gained ground, the democratic process was scuttled and important sections of the CRs like APCCCR led by Com.TN,DV,CP and others and sections in west Bengal under the leadership of Comrades Promod Sengupta, Parimal Dasgupta, Asit Sen, Syamal Nandi and others who opposed the left sectarian line, were forced out of it.
5.    Manifestations of the left sectarian and anarchist line were as follows:
a)    Adopting the line of individual annihilation against mass line and people’s revolutionary struggle.
b)    Adopting guerrilla warfare as the only form of struggle and rejecting all class/mass organizations, other forms of struggle and squads as the only form of Organization.
c)    Adopting the concept “who ever do not dip their hands in the blood of a class enemy is not a communist.”
d)    Adopting the slogan that “China’s Chairman is our Chairman.”
e)    Rejecting the Leninist concept of the era being that of “imperialism and proletarian Revolution” and replacing with that of a new era of “the total collapse of imperialism and world -wide victory of socialism.”
f)     Adopting the concept of rural based party instead of party of the proletariat.
g)    Adopting the concept that “more you study, more foolish you become.”
h)   Pursuit of the erroneous concept of “individual authority” of Com.CM.
i)     Adopting the concept of boycott of election as strategic.
These concepts are alien to Marxism-Leninism-Mao’s thought.
6.    There was a situation favourable for the formation of a genuine Communist Party based on Marxism-Leninism-Mao’s thought uniting all the CR forces active in the country at that time and for leading the people’s struggles surging forward in different parts of the country.
7.    The CPI (ML) was formed in 1969 in haste, with a sectarian approach and method due to which valuable and influential sections of the CRs, especially of AP and WB were left out. Due to this the efforts of forming a Party of Proletariat failed to accomplish its objective.
8.    The CPI (ML) characterized the stage of revolution as NDR with agrarian revolution as its axis. This generated great enthusiasm among the struggling people throughout the country. But very soon, the enthusiasm generated by the formation of the party started waning due to the erroneous line adopted by the CPI (ML). As a result of this, the anti-imperialist and anti-feudal struggles could not be advanced in the correct direction.
9.    The opposition to the wrong political line grew from within the CPI (ML) and by the end of 1971 majority members of the CC, CPI (ML), outside and inside the jails, stood against the dominant left sectarian line in it.
10. The CR forces which were not a part of the CPI (ML) got organized into different organizations and were opposing the left sectarian line in different parts of the country. They characterized the stage of revolution as NDR with agrarian revolution as its axis and adopted the protracted people’s war as the path of revolution and the revolutionary mass line in theory and practice.
11. As the leadership under Com.CM did not rectify its left sectarian mistakes, the CPI (ML) split into several groups.
12. The left sectarian line of Lin Biao which came to dominate the CPC for a short while also encouraged the left trend prevailing in the communist revolutionary movement. But when the CPC representatives pointed out the left sectarian trend of CPI (ML) to the CPI (ML) delegation which visited china after its 1970 congress, the leadership of the CPI (ML) led by com. CM did not take steps for rectification based on these suggestions.
The Communist Movement in our country in different phases consisted of CPI, CPI (M), CPI (ML) along with APCCCR and other Communist Revolutionary groups. Ideological and political struggles against revisionism, right reformism, right deviation, left sectarianism and terrorism were carried out inside and outside the aforesaid Organizations in some way or the other. Our Organization – CPI (ML) is part of the process of unification of Communist Revolutionaries comprising of forces coming from CPI (ML), the forces that were never part of CPI (ML), the forces that were a part of CPI (ML) but came out from it and formed separate Organization and forces who were new. It is neither a continuation nor a reorganization of any of the aforesaid Organizations.
We commit to stand by our promise to continue struggle against both the left and right deviations as these are the twin dangers to Marxism-Leninism.
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