Monday, August 11, 2014

WE MUST CARRY ON THE FIGHT AGAINST THE TWO HARMFUL TRENDS - REVISIONISM AND ANARCHISM.

  WE MUST CARRY ON THE FIGHT AGAINST THE TWO HARMFUL TRENDS.
                                                        CPI (ML).

In the sphere of revolutionary strategy and tactical line, various revolutionary groups have adopted in their documents basically  the path of struggle against imperialism, comprador bourgeoisie and feudal classes. They agree that the armed struggle is the only way to overthrow the present system. At the same time, they have differences on the question of translating it into practice. Not only this. All had gone into practice in their own way and are continuing their practice. They have to review their respective practices on the basis of ideology, historical experiences, their own experiences and an accordance with the dialectical method and evaluate what is the correctness and what is the incorrectness in their practices.

Our Party has begun this process. We had evaluated the history for 1969-1972 period. We may have to evaluate the later period as a continuation of this. Importantly, the question we encountered is, how the revolutionary movement should have applied the path of armed struggle to the objective and subjective conditions of that stage and time. Once the path of armed struggle was adopted, the question it faced was how to make the preparations for it. With this, the revolutionary forces stood divided into various groups and sections.

The question of adopting the path of armed struggle and its application were distorted. The theories distorting Marxism-Leninism-Mao's thought were brought to the  fore along with such comments as 'supporters and 'opponent's of armed struggle. As a consequence, the revolutionaries were affected by deviations on many questions. Rather than debating the issues ideologically, the organizations, mainly the individuals, were sought to be branded and with this, the atmosphere was charged with emotions. The forces which considered the left deviations as a thing that must be worshiped and above criticism had gained an upper hand. Pointing out left deviation and even making criticism against it were turned into a matter to be afraid and a sensitive issue. The argument of holding the weapon and falling victim to enemy's atrocity had swallowed the question of deviation from Marxism-Leninism-Mao's thought. In place of ideological debate, it was brought to the fore as a sensitive issue.

The differences persisted in an acute form on the questions like the struggle against imperialism internationally, the struggle against the capitalist system and its reactionary political, economic and cultural policies, the struggle against the reactionary, exploiting systems of various countries and in formulating the necessary guidelines for the same.

Imperialism is the main enemy of oppressed people all over the world. The differences and deviations also arose on the questions, how the struggle be carried on and is being carried on against it in the semi-colonial countries, capitalist countries and in the countries ruled by the imperialist puppet regimes.

Various kinds of confusion created by the  international revisionist theories about the danger of imperialism are yet to be fully overcome.

The revisionists are concealing the fact that capitalism had reached to the level of imperialism in Soviet Union or had fully became a capitalist system. Would the Indian revisionists agree that capitalism was restored instead of carrying the socialist revolution forward in Soviet Union? Or are they in a state of agony and directionless, considering it as a bad dream? We the Communist Revolutionaries, must make a deep analysis of this problem. We can not remain satisfied just with the view that they are revisionist parties.

The struggle against revisionism and capitalist roaders went on in the Chinese Communist Party at one level or other for the three decades. Finally, the capitalist roader gained the hegemony. There is need for the Communist Revolutionaries to make a deep analysis of this.

There is a need to give an analytical explanation to the question, how the reactionary or retrogressive forces have gained an upper hand over the progressive forces in the course of  social transformation concerning the peoples democratic system – socialist system – communist system and in the course of struggle between the opposing forces. We must not be complacent towards this question.
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Wednesday, July 30, 2014

CPI(ML) CALLS UPON PEOPLE OF INDIA.



 “Protest Against the Budget of Betrayals Presented by Narendra Modi Led NDA Government”

Dear friends,

The Narendra Modi led NDA Government has backed out totally from the promises made during election campaign and his first speech in parliament after the election results. His election promises were summed up in his famous slogan “Achche Din Aane Wale Hain” (Good Days are going to Come). He promised to end price rise, to end corruption by good, clean, and transparent governance; generate large number of jobs by taking suitable measures in the economy; take effective steps for accelerating economic development; bring prosperity for rural populace; and bring all out prosperity for all, especially for the poor and the disadvantaged sections of society like STs, SCs, and OBCs.

But the first budget presented by the Finance Minister, and the Railway budget presented by the Railway Minister show that the budget is good for the rich people, and bad for the common people of our country. Before even the budget was presented, the government hiked the railway passenger fares by 14.5% from 25th June, 2014. The railway freight charges for the goods were also increased. Diesel and petrol prices have also been increased. The prices of LPG and Kerosene oil have also been increased. The government has announced that there will be massive increase in diesel, petrol, LPG, and Kerosene oil prices after September. All the subsidies on them would be withdrawn, and domestic oil produced would also be priced at international level to attract Foreign Capital and Indian Corporate houses in the petroleum sector.

This would give massive increase in the profit of Mukesh Ambani’s Company in Godavari Basin oil exploration business. The price of natural gas is going to be hiked from $4 for one BTU to $8 and then to $12 in the next year. As is being demanded by the Reliance industries. If the prices of natural gas were rised by one dollar per BTU, the price of urea would increase by Rs.1350 per tonne Ambanis have been pressurizing the government to give international prices for the domestic oil, and produced 12% gas from KG6 in 2013-14 of what they were duty bound to produce. Instead of cancelling their license, it imposed a fine of Rs 14,000 crore which in all likelyhood would go for litigation, the government is going to reward them by increasing the price of natural. The increase in the price of diesel and gas increases the transportation and production costs of all the products leading to further price rise. But Ambani and other Corporate bigwigs were the main providers of the huge election fund (to the tune of nearly 10 thousand crores) to Narendra Modi in the election. The budget and pre-budget steps of the government have led to steep rise in prices generating frustration and anger among the people. On the other hand budget and policy of the government has created great enthusiasm among the Corporate houses, MNCs, business classes, and the rich people in general.

Adding insult to injury the government has announced to start Bullet train in the country at a cost of 60,000 crores of rupees to run from Mumbai to Ahmedabad,the passenger fare of which will only be met by the richer sections of the society, but has made provision of only Rs.1000 crore additional money to agricultural sector and completely ignored the necessity to allocate funds to fight massive drought like situation in country. What a mockery of taking care of 60% people living in the rural areas! And this is the act of a government whose Prime Minister started his speech in Parliament with the words that his government is a government for the poor.
This government continues to follow the neoliberal policies of imperialist globalization and privatization of the previous government, but has declared its intent in the budget to reduce and ultimately end the welfare measures of the previous government like Food Security Act, MNREGA, Land Acquisition Act, etc. On the other hand lakhs of crores of concessions and tax relief has been given / continued to the big industry and business. Food Security Act, MNREGA, and Land Acquisition Act were enacted after prolonged struggle of the people to provide food security, employment, and protecting land rights of the peasants and tribals. Though these measures like Food security Act, MNREGA etc only partially met peoples’ needs, they provided some relief to the poor people in the rural areas. The tribals were facing large scale eviction and displacement due to the construction of big dams, mining projects, industries, etc. Instead of addressing these issues the government has announced its decision to raise the height of Narmada dam which is bound to displace large number of tribals in Madhya Pradesh and other affected states. Lakhs of peasants committed suicides during last two decades of Globalisation policies. Millions of tribals and other peasants lost for SEZs, Industries, dams, mines, roads, urban housing, etc. Peoples’ protests and movements like in Nandigram and Singur broke out in different parts of the country. Then British Land Acquisition Act was replaced by a new Act, which says that at least 80% of land owners should agree to give land, only then land can be acquired. This government is trying to do away with this provision, or to scrap the Act altogether. The Corporate Houses and MNCs have been demanding this. These policies of the government announced in the budget are great betrayal to the poll promises to the people in the interest of handful of super rich.

On the employment and corruption fronts also this government’s budget has a negative approach. More than 50% employment is still provided by agriculture employing large number of small, middle, and poor peasants. There is only bad news for them in the budget. The government has refused to declare drought and provide relief to the rural masses. In the non-agricultural sector, 90% employment is provided by the informal sector including small and micro enterprises. There is nothing worth mentioning for this sector in the budget except promising to constitute yet another committee to suggest ways of providing financial assistance to them. All big talks are for formal organized sector which includes big capitalists, Corporate houses, and MNCs but they provides only 10% employment in the non-agricultural sector, and 15% of total consumption. But to promote the interest and income of this sector massive selling of shares of Public Sector Undertakings including banks to the tune of 63,000 crores to the MNCs and private sector has been announced.

To please the imperialist governments like US, UK, Germany, France, Japan, etc. and foreign Institutional Investor, MNCs and other foreign Capitalists, our Defence production, Insurance, etc. have been opened for them upto 49% shares. Last UPA government had already opened many other sectors for these foreign players. All this is being done in the name of development and creating employment opportunities. But facts speak otherwise. The formal sector including all the industries, IT sector, banks, etc. provide jobs to only 1 crore 40 lakh people, Whereas the informal sector including SME, provide jobs to nearly 10 crores and 80 lakh people, and agriculture provides employment to nearly 32 crore people. What a tragedy! Nothing for agriculture, nothing for SMEs, and all for handful of Corporates, Industrials and big traders. All these measures will bring “Achcha din” (good days) for the rich, and misery for common people i.e. workers, peasants, tribals, students, youths, small business and enterprises, etc.

The government has not done anything to curb massive corruption witnessed in the Central government which rocked the nation. BJP at that time supported Anna Hazare led movement for a powerful Lokpal and Lokayukta. But the present government under Narendra Modi is silent on this vital demand of large section of people. Modi’s government appointed a committee to unearth black money, at the same time it revived the Kisan Vikas Patra scheme which was withdrawn by the UPA government in the face severe criticism that it became an instrument for black money laundering. This exposes the hypocrisy of the present government.

In such situation people have no other way except to oppose the anti-people intent and actions of the government. So, we appeal to you all, to protest this massive betrayal of poll promises to you, the common people of India, and start movement to build a real New India which takes care of 95% of the people not 5% rich, and a handful of super rich.

Oppose imperialist globalization, privatization and liberalization.
Stop tinkering with Food Security Act
Implement MNREGA on full scale after removing corruption.
Stop anti-people changes in Land Acquisition Act
Roll back privatisation of PSUs and public sector banks.
Stop privatisation of Defence production
Stop price rise
Declare drought in the country, and immediately take up relief measures.
Implement pro-people development policy

With Revolutionary Greetings
Communist Party of India (Marxist – Leninist)
Central Committee


18-7-2014

Friday, June 27, 2014

DECLARATION OF THE ALL INDIA PEOPLES LITERARY FORUM.

    All India Peoples' Literary Forum  -   Declaration.
                ….............................................................................................

Art and literature reflect our joys, sorrows, hardships, anger, feelings and opinions. They are not the creations of a few talented individuals as some people assume, but a product of toil, creative work and struggle waged by crores of human beings for life. They are most effective tools to mirror social realities, influence the consciousness of people, sharpen their thinking and move them into action.

Since ages, the art and literature had been either breathing life into dying social forces or lending support and strength to the new and progressive social forces. The art and literature taking the side of dying social forces enjoyed all the patronage from the then rulers. Yet, they gradually lost ground and ultimately rejected by the people owing to their reactionary nature. On the other side, the progressive art and literature encountered many odds. But they had grown in strength as they stood by the new progressive social forces and enjoyed the affection, admiration and support of the people.

Today, imperialism dominates the world through its policies of so called liberalisation, globalisation and domination. The imperialists in general and US imperialism in particular are engaged in loot, plunder and control of economic, natural and human resources in an all out manner and on a global scale. They are blatantly violating the rights of nations, interfering in their affairs, resorting to threats, armed invasions to impose their domination over the world and in the name of fighting terrorism, restoring democracies and protecting peace and security in the world. They are grooming and spreading most retrogressive and reactionary ideologies, racist, chauvinist, communal, anarchist and criminal forces and tendencies and activities in their attempt to divide, divert, and suppress the people struggling for liberation, democracy, peace and socialism.

The end of colonial rule did not open up the conditions for an all round development of progressive literature and art in our country. The semi- colonial, semi- feudal social conditions continued to persist and distort every aspect of life. These conditions offered a fertile soil for the imperialists to transplant the poisonous weeds of their decadent ideas and culture in the minds of people and thus perpetuate their plunder and oppression in India. On their part, the forces representing semi- feudal economic and social relations found a powerful prop in this imperialist culture to keep themselves alive and hold back the development of democratic forces and culture.

Imperialism has reduced all human activity pursuit of marginal utility. It commercialised and dehumanised the noblest human values and intimate human relations. Most of the life is commodified. The peoples minds are being moulded and controlled to suit the needs of imperialist loot and oppression. Today the education, research, media, literature, art and culture are under the attack of imperialist culture. The tendencies like slavishly eulogizing and imitating western culture; infatuation for English, denigration of ones own  Mother tongue, addiction to consumerism, atomic individualism; fancy for the degenerated cultural mode of US, selfish, casual, irresponsible attitudes towards problem of life and society; drug addiction, pub and porno culture, treating women as objects of gratification, vulgarisation in advertising, cinema and media; hedonism, spreading religious hatred, particularly against Muslims in the name of war between religions and civilisation are being nurtured and spread in India. All there are nothing but a part of imperialist culture. In this process. The minds of our people are being polluted and poisoned with a view to culturally disarm the people and social forces. The imperialists are funding countless agencies (NGOs included) using thousand and one methods and ideologies like Post Modernism to wage open and hidden attacks to confuse, shatter confidence, fragmentize and dismantle progressive ideals, scientific ideologies, democratic and national aspirations,the peoples movements and their leaderships. The Indian rulers who are committed to serve imperialism are extending all their services to them.

Feudalism is historically an outdated social system in the world. However in the absence of thorough going democratic reforms in India, our people continue to suffer from feudal exploitation and oppression. They continue to be enshackled by the feudal culture in old and new forms. The caste system continues in India with all its ugly features like untouchability, caste discrimination and oppression. Atrocities continue unabatedly against dalits, adivasis and women. The ruling classes, with their upper caste chauvinism are perpetuating caste divisions among the people. Patriarchal system continue to condemn the women folk to inequality, discrimination and oppression. Refusing to see the productive labour as the real source of knowledge, creativity and skills all blind beliefs are being spread in the name of spiritualism. Unscientific and irrational ideas, beliefs, customs, traditions and practices are sustained through religious, educational and cultural activities and in the name of respecting ancient culture and heritage. The ruling classes are competing to use the individual beliefs to enhance innocence, backwardness and feelings of insecurity among the people, build a divine industry and keep the people perpetually diverted from their problems. All these are only a part of the feudal culture.

Thus the decadent imperialist culture and retrogressive feudal culture separately as well as in collusion continue to distort and hold back the progress of democratic, national, and progressive forces and culture in our country.

Our people have a rich heritage of resisting the imperialist and feudal culture. Since 1936, the progressive forces in our country have been carrying on organized efforts to develop a progressive literary movement. These efforts had created an immense and valuable wealth of literature. They provided a proper orientation to understand that the real and inexhaustible source and roots for the literary and artistic creations lie nowhere but in the society, life struggles of workers. other oppressed and toiling people. They also taught the writers and artists how to study and analyse the social life, contradictions and struggles between the dying and new social forces and develop literary and artistic creations which can be most effective in giving impetus and strength to the new social forces. In its long journey, the progressive literary movement had touched highest peaks, faced ups and downs and also suffered various deviations. On the whole, it made glorious contributions and added rich experiences to the treasure house of literary movement which are most valuable for the present movement.
Today the Peoples Literary Movement represents the aspirations, urges and struggles of workers, peasants, middle classes and other oppressed people for social and cultural changes in our society. It is faced with the challenge of liberating our people from the shackles of decadent imperialist culture and retrogressive feudal culture and paving the way for a democratic, independent, secular and prosperous India. Experience shows that a new democratic society alone can guarantee such conditions and clear the road for our people to advance towards a society free from inequality, exploitation, oppression and war. Hence :
1. We commit ourselves to develop the literary and cultural movement in our country guided by the social objective of ending the imperialist and feudal exploitation and oppression in our country.
2. We declare ourselves as the inheritors of all humanist and progressive literature, art and culture developed by the oppressed and toiling masses of people in India as well as the world in he course of their struggle for democracy, liberation, socialism and peace.
3. We own the democratic and patriotic values that are reflected in the Indian culture, art and literature in the past taking inspiration from the First War of Independence in 1857 and even earlier, various struggles and uprising including Telangana, Naxalbari and all the struggles of peasants, workers, adivasis, women, students, youth, dalits, minorities and middle classes all through the history of our great country.
4. We own the contribution various nationalities of our country to the wealth of progressive, democratic culture, art and literature. We respect their distinctive features and forms and strive to enrich further their anti-feudal and anti-imperialist content.
5. We oppose religious fanaticism, fundamentalism, inequality and discrimination, secular and scientific culture, and use the literary and art forms to strengthen the unity of oppressed and ethnicities.
6. We are of the view that any given language is a wonderful product of collective and productive labour of entire people inhabiting a common geographical area. It is breath and soul of people and every nationality. It embodies the saga of their lives, their struggles, their victories and failures, hopes and sorrows. It is a vehicle of their culture, history and intellectual attainment.  

Mother tongue is the best and effective means of communication and medium of acquiring knowledge and skills. Imposing English disregarding the spoken dialects of people is a cultural crime against the broad masses of people. We demand the mother tongue be made the medium of instruction at all levels of education and in the conduct of administration so that common people can have the access to knowledge and affairs of the country.

We recognise equality of all languages. We are opposed to littling other languages. We are recognise one's right learn any language of his/ her choice including English, but not at the expense of mother tongue.

With hundreds of rich and varied languages and dialects India look like a beautiful garden of flowers.. The ruling classes are doing everything to erect hurdles on the way of an all round development of Indian languages. They are using the presence of many languages in India to weaken unity, rouse the feelings of inequality and antagonisms among the toiling and oppressed people of different nationalities.We help all languages to blossom freely and in an allround manner and strengthen unity and bondage among the oppressed   and toiling people of all nationalities on the basis of equality of all languages and in the course of their common struggle against feudalism and imperialism in the country.

7.  We have great literature both ancient and modern in all languages of our vast country which has creatively reflected and recorded the life and struggles of our people. We consider it as our task to feed on their great traditions and use them to serve the needs of progressive social changes in our country today. Other creative art forms of expression, namely dance, music, theatre, graphic arts, etc also need to be equally cultivated and enriched. Innumerable rich and varied folk art forms developed by the peoples artistes are a great source to develop new art forms to serve the needs of present day peoples' struggles. These popular art forms have great potential to motivate the vast illiterate and exploited masses to achieve fundamental changes in the present society. We are committed to develop and widely use them.
8.   We avail the experiences of life and struggles of the oppressed and toiling people. We stand by them in their sufferings, joys and struggles. We utilise every opportunity to integrate ourselves with them, study closely, feel and analyse their sufferings, aspirations and struggles and use the same as the content of our literary and artistic creations. We believe that ultimately it is the people who are the builders of their own life and future.
9.   We reach out to the people with our artistic and literary creations and integrate with them totally to add strength and momentum to the struggle of people to end the present opressive system.
10.   We declare to make serious efforts with renewed vigour to rally and unite wider sections of writers and artistes into an All India Peoples' Literary and Cultural Movement.
11.    We extend our solidarity to the struggles of toiling and oppressed people in various countries of the world for democracy, independence and for a society free from exploitation, oppression and war. We oppose the acts of intervention, bullying, armed invasions and war indulged in by the imperialists in general and US imperialists in particular to impose their plunderous and oppressive control and domination over the economic, natural and human resources of other countries across the world.
This we declare, will be the befitting response to the ever intensifying cultural onslaughts of imperialism and the frenzied attempts of other forces of reaction to hold back the progressive march of Indian people.

               Artists and Writers for the Peoples Culture Unite! Unite!!
              Long live Peoples' Culture!
                Glory to Peoples' Movements!
                 LONG LIVE THE PEOPLES' LITERARY AND CULTURAL  MOVEMENT.

{Improved and finalised in the light of discussions held on the basis of a draft in the All India Meet of Peoples Literary Forum held in Kolkata, West Bengal.}
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