Wednesday, February 25, 2015

THE CLASS STRUGGLE IS IMPERATIVE TO STOP HINDU COMMUNAL FORCES.

The Sangh Parivar which came to power under the leadership of Narendra Modi has made a division work among themselves. One will mobilize votes on the nebulous slogan of development, while other
spew hate speeches against minorities. As yet another talk about need to a ban on religious conversion, one of them rely on Ghar vapasi- re conversion to Hinduism. While one demarcates left
extremism and terrorism as main obstacles to development, others will proclaims that it was a mistake for Godse to kill Gandhi; and he should have killed Nehru instead. While one assures that all measures will be taken to provide protection to women, other assumes the role of cultural police dictating the women how to dress and behave. One proclaims to take India to a number one place in the world by importing scientific and technological knowledge. The other claims that ancient
India achieved pinnacle of scientific knowledge by pointing out the re birth of Ganesha for plastic surgery. Rathas of Mahabharata for motor cars and pushpak vimana of Ramayana for aircraft. They distort the history by depicting Muslims as foreign invaders while Aryans, Kushans
and scores of others migrated to sub continent and became part of its populace to depict those Hindus. Who do not accept their definition of Hinduism, Hindu traditions and values as Blasphemous and treacherous persons. The days are not far away when these Hindu Jihads start attacking the differing Hindus also along with religious minorities just as the Taliban. They have the same mindset, same burning hatred as that of fascist forces.

The toiling masses of India, who have the several centuries old history of living in communal harmony, have proved time and again that they will not allow the communal forces to destroy their lives. In India, a country of 1.2 billion people with 180 million of Muslim population, more than many Muslim countries, there is and will have a resistance to the attempts of Hindu communal forces to create a Hindu Rashtra.

If the resistance of the people were to take a correct line and approach, it should explore the roots of the communalism. It was the British colonial rulers who applied their notorious divide and rule policy to divide the people of Indian people in communal lines. After the transfer of power the ruling classes continued and are continuing the same policy and stoke communal hatreds and often communal clashes to divide people so that they can serve oppressive and exploitative interests of imperialism and big bourgeoisie. It is not accidental occurrence that the destruction of Babri Masjid and implementation of New Economic Policies took place simultaneously. The aim of rake up communalism is to ensure the smooth implementation of anti people policies without resistance from the people.

Arun Jaitley, then leader of opposition in Rajya Sabha in 2012 vehemently argued that young Indians would end up as Sales Girls and Boys once the proposal to allow FDI into retail sector was implemented. Now as the Finance Minister he announced to provide all facilities to FDIs. The Congress Secretary, Madhusudan Mistry, also a trade unionist talking in Rajya Sabha on Labor Amendment Bill pointed out a number of problems with the Bill and said it went against the rights enjoyed by the workers. Yet in conclusion, supported the bill even though "I staunchly oppose content of the Bill." The BJP, as the opposition for a decade, took a position similar to left parties on a number of issues ranging from INDO - US civil nuclear deal, disinvestment of PSUs, Pension Bill and Adhar linkage to social welfare schemes. It is now assiduously implementing all he policies proposed by the previous UPA Government. The BJP's campaign during the last elections was centered on indecisiveness of Manmohan Government citing the continuing suicides by the peasants. Vidarbha region saw more than 1050 suicides in 2014. Yet both the ruling coalitions maintained studious silence on this issue.

Now the only rallying point for opposition Parties is Hindutva or rather anti Hindutva. The neo liberal reforms will be pushed without any debate in the Parliament as most of them were proposed by the Congress and as the regional Parties like AIADMK, BJD and TDP are taking a pro government position with left and  non Congress opposition reduced to a micro minority. Thus the two ruling coalitions have committed to implement the policies dictated by the imperialist financial institutions. To cover up this treachery of implementing anti national policies, they are stocking up communal hatreds.

It is the duty of the democratic, patriotic and revolutionary forces and organizations to expose both the naked and disguised methods of rake up communalism by the ruling class parties. They must recognize that fighting against communalism means fighting against injustice, inequality and fighting for the protection of democratic rights of the people to whatever religion, gender, region and caste they may belongs  to. To wage such a struggle the people have to be organized in to their class organization. It is the class struggle that raise the peoples consciousness to such a high level that they do not fall prey to divisive politics of communalism. History has irrefutably proved this fact several times. 

Sunday, February 1, 2015

WHY GREEK COMMUNIST PARTY DOES NOT SUPPORT SYRIZA?



Why KKE Does Not Support SYRIZA

by jeffrey dean
by Andrés Gil
[Highlight by JD]
Greek Communist Party (KKE) MEP Kostas Papadakis firmly says: "SYRIZA has made very clear that it is not going to defy the EU or NATO.  We say: What kind of left is this?"
"The EU has no fear of SYRIZA.  SYRIZA is not the oligarchy's first choice, but it is the new face of social democracy, useful for the system," says Papadakis, whose party is polling above PASOK in some polls.
Is Greece turning left with the expected victory of SYRIZA?
First, it is necessary to clarify that the Communist Party of Greece (KKE) should emerge stronger after the elections because, we believe, there will continue to be concrete facts against the interests of people.  The change of government will not change crucial aspects, such as the fact that the country will still be in the EU, the fact that the stability pact and the memorandum will not disappear, the fact that this agenda of the EU will remain the same.  All these reactionary measures will continue to exist.
The second factor is that the debt of the country will still be here.  We are fighting to exit the EU and to completely cancel the debt.  We want to exit the EU, but on the condition that the means of production are socialized.  Now people must defy all the power of the oligarchy.  The day after the elections, the oligarchy will still be here.
That is why we ask people to keep this in mind, for, after the elections, people will still be on the opposite side.  Since SYRIZA in the opposition obtained 27% of the votes, there has been a decline in social conflict.  We say that this applies to Spain, too, where the year of PODEMOS's emergence also saw a fall in mobilizations.  People think that voting alone can change the conditions of life, but we say it is important for people to convince themselves that there are neither saviors nor messiahs, that people must save themselves by their own struggles, by their own decisions, and by confronting the EU, NATO, and monopolies.
Are you comparing SYRIZA to PASOK or New Democracy?
SYRIZA has made very clear that it is not going to defy the EU or NATO.  What kind of left is this?  The term Left has concrete criteria: against the EU and NATO, fighting to exit them, to confront entrepreneurs and the oligarchy.  Entrepreneurs have already said that they will welcome "SYRIZA's radicalism."  The same contradictions apply to the EU, where the talk is about more expansive or restrictive policies, but this doesn't change the lives of people.  We have heard about Draghi's program: it has a condition, for the program to exist -- the memorandum.  And SYRIZA says that we will follow the European program, with its rules and standards.  New Democracy says that we must stick with the debt; so does SYRIZA, albeit with a haircut.  But our people have endured the biggest cuts, accompanied with the harshest measures to pay the debt.  And there will be more measures to pay the debt, though that is hidden.  SYRIZA's Rena Dourou, the governor of the Attica region, has already done the opposite of what she said.
But SYRIZA really says that it will be changing things.
They say that they will get rid of the memoranda, but they have concrete requirements.  Which law against the workers will you change?  Which one against the pensioners?  All those measures taken by New Democracy will still be there.  What does SYRIZA propose to do?  They say that they offer the Thessaloniki program, which was originally conceived for the first 100 days and to tackle the social emergency.  But now it turns out that the program is for four years.  But what the program does is charity meals and electricity for the poorest, plus a minimum wage of €750 per month for those covered by collective agreements.  Those who have part-time jobs do not benefit from this.  That's the reality.  People have lost much of their pensions, and SYRIZA's response is to add €1.20 per day to the lowest.  This doesn't change life, and we are telling people that it doesn't.  New Democracy cultivates fear; and SYRIZA, illusions.  But if we want some relief, we have to fight for it, and this is a red line -- [to recover] the loss since 2008.
So, you won't support Tsipras for prime minister.
For all these reasons, given responsibility to the people, having closely examined what SYRIZA said, we cannot take part in a bourgeois capitalist government, under which this barbarity will continue.  A week ago SYRIZA implored us to give it our vote to form a government, but it didn't' do so sincerely because they know our long-standing positions; and we will stand opposite this government because it will be in the hands of the oligarchy while staying in the EU.  We cannot stain our hands, we cannot take a leap of faith, while the people are on the other side from it.  Moreover, the most rotten elements of PASOK have joined the ranks of SYRIZA, including deputies who have voted for the memoranda and boycotted the working-class and trade union movement.
Are you going to take to the streets from day one?
We have a great capacity for mobilization and major presence in the unions.  These ideas put forward by SYRIZA are meant to create an alibi for the day after.  The Greeks hold the KKE in high esteem, ours is a serious, militant, and cool-headed party, and what SYRIZA wants is to use us as its alibi, to demobilize people, to get rid of struggle.  We understand SYRIZA and from the very first moment we will be in the streets, and they hold that against us.  But we say: If there really were a government of the Lefts, and, we would hope, if it were a good government for the people, the KKE would not be fighting against it.  They are afraid that having the KKE facing their government may unmask the fact that they are going to be responsible for what's happening.
How can you be so sure?
We have experience in the movement of the European communist parties, in Italy, in France, that voted for agreements on wages, pensions, and privatizations in the morning and in the afternoon organized mobilizations against the same agreements they had voted for in the morning.  We have come to conclusions based on these negative experiences, and we want a government against the EU and the oligarchy, and we won't be jumping into the void.  We will not participate in discussions about what people are going to lose by government decisions -- people need us the day after the elections.  SYRIZA and its government are committed to business people in Texas, the Bilderberg Club, the City of London. . .  They are already committed to big capital.
That idea about SYRIZA is not very widely shared,
Outside Greece, no.  But here we know that they are not a revolutionary party -- quite the opposite.  People who vote for SYRIZA do so with cold hearts, without having confidence in them.  People are desperate and do not want to continue with New Democracy, but the idea that there can't be a worse government has already been used regarding previous governments.  It's clear that what we are saying will happen.  The EU has no fear of SYRIZA.  SYRIZA is not the oligarchy's first choice, but it is the new face of social democracy, useful for the system, which SYRIZA won't counteract for the sake of the working class.  We must organize the struggle to challenge them.
Do you really consider yourselves to be a revolutionary party?
There are concrete facts that demonstrate it: we are fighting against the EU and NATO, we want to break the chains of capitalism, socialize the means of production, centralize all wealth to distribute it, as well as the labor force, so that there won't be problems of unemployment.  Our country has wealth and a great strategic location to the north of the Mediterranean.  We have technology, science, progress in all the means of production, people should be able to enjoy this progress, but there exists this contradiction.  There has not been another period of history that saw people even dying of cold when there were power plants all over the place.
Doesn't the collapse of the USSR generate doubts in your mind?
We have studied it a lot.  And we have arrived at the conclusion that there were great benefits in the socialization of the means of production.  The key lies in the fact that they sought to solve the emerging problems by capitalist, not socialist, responses.  With the reforms in the 60s the market entered and so did antagonism, creating concrete problems that grew over the years and generated negative consequences in the direction of the party.
The main point is that in a socialist country problems cannot be solved by capitalist measures -- we can solve them only by socialist ones.  We have learned from these experiences, and it is important to have your own program, and the Communist Party of Greece organizes the struggle not only around daily problems but also with its perspective.  People must know which path is the one you propose and do not trust the parties that are not clear.  We are very clear.  And SYRIZA, New Democracy, and PASOK follow the path of capitalism.  We are the only ones who have a completely different political proposal -- a radical path.
We are known for having predicted what was going to happen.  In 2010 we said a storm was coming.  And we were right.  People know that the party reads the reality well and that it is a militant party that tells the truth despite consequences.  Notwithstanding the easy paths offered by some, people in Greece are living a very grave crisis with grave consequences and are now aware that life cannot be easily changed by just voting.  We do not say that SYRIZA is the same as New Democracy, they are different parties, but when you have a concrete strategy that has the same priority of serving for the benefits of capital and the EU, objectively it takes you to the same place: capitalism, capitalist production, and the EU.
Do SYRIZA and New Democracy have so much in common?
Theirs are different versions of capitalism, but the differences are not crucial when it comes to the essence of what type of policies they will promote.  In the 80s PASOK used to talk about exiting the EEC (European Economic Community) and NATO, and they used to also talk about socializing the means of production. . .  But, now, SYRIZA doesn't even say that.
In Spain there is a party with which we share the same strategy, the Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE), and it is a party fighting to keep the light of the only path that can show people an exit.  The rest -- both PODEMOS and the Communist Party of Spain (PCE), which has changed since accepting eurocommunism and becoming pro-European Union -- want to prettify the EU, to be able to have a better EU.  And this is dangerous for people, for they have support -- illusions captivate with the idea that one way or another it is possible to negotiate with Merkel or the IMF to get the enemy to adopt pro-people positions.  This really is a utopia.
We are clear: this high road is difficult, but we have to fight to exit the EU.  To cultivate the illusion that a hawk can become a dove -- that's wishful thinking.  That is why we say that PODEMOS in our opinion is doing the same thing as SYRIZA, beginning with certain slogans, and, over time, will become the same thing.  Iglesias has already said recently that they have listened to financial allies and that there are unrealistic positions.  We are talking about the new version of social democracy adapted to the terms of the crisis.  This is what capital needs.  Since people no longer trust PASOK or PSOE, despite their new leaders, new cards are dealt in the game, and people must be strict when scrutinizing their positions while fighting their own struggle.
Do you think that there can be rifts in the SYRIZA coalition?
In the history of social democracy there has always been a left-wing current that said it would strive to shift the party.  But there has been no proof that it could be converted into a revolutionary one.  A left-wing current may have a blog, protest from time to time, but then quit doing it.

Tuesday, December 23, 2014

IN MEMORY OF VETERAN COMMUNIST REVOLUTIONARY LEADERS.

IN MEMORY OF VETERAN COMMUNIST REVOLUTIONARY LEADERS.

1. Remembering Comrade Promode Sen Gupta: On November 18, the comrade breathed his last while working on manuscript he was preparing for the press.

Beginning from his student days he was active in politics, both as writer and organizer. In 1926 he was entered in a village and then deported. He had since then a colorful life , joining the Spanish civil war, and then fighting in the anti fascist guerrilla war in France under the French Communist party, and then living as a detenue in the Fascist concentration camp at Tulu. He then joined Subash Bose's INA as minister of propaganda. And after the fall of Berlin, he was first not arrested by the Red Army, but later was captured by the British Army, and placed for severe interrogation by the Indian Army officer Cariappa (who later became the Indian Army Chief). While he was in the Cariappa concentration camp, there was huge post war pro INA mass upsurge in India, and Sen Gupta was released along with others. On coming back home, he joined the Communist Party of India and subsequently the Communist Party of India (Marxist) and organised the Naxalbary Krishak Sahayak Samiti as president, but in the end of 1968 he differed with Charu Mazumdar and left the association on the issue of individual annihilation in the name of guerrilla war terming it as anti Marxist.

However, he maintained connections with the Marxist-Leninist s worked hard to bring to notice of the international working class and honest intellectuals the plight of the political prisoners in the Indian Jails through the 'Association for Protection of democratic Rights' (APDR); which was fought for release of communist Revolutionaries and democratic rights of suppressed people of India. And a fighter for Indian democratic and civil rights, Comrade Sen Gupta will ever be remembered.

2.Remembering Comrade Chandra Pulla Reddy and Comrade Satyanarayan Sing:

Comrade Chandra Pulla Reddy, General Secretary of one of the CPI(ML) groups, died of a massive heart attack at Calcutta on 9th November, 1984, at the age of 66 years. Comrade Chandra Pulla Reddy has been in underground since 1968, in face of fierce state repression threatening his life. It is learn that he was seriously ill since over a month before his death. Yet even against medical advice, he traveled to Calcutta on party work; thus risking his life for the cause he took upon since his student days. Comrade CP is known for his hard work and determination in carrying out what ever he took upon. We pay homage to the departed leader.

Comrade CP was born in a middle peasant family on 1st September 1918, in velugodu, a village in Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh. After completing his school in Kurnool, he went to Madras Loyola College where he completed intermediate course. Later he joined the Gindy Engineering College, Madras, where he came under the influence of the National movement against the British rule.

Comrade CP came to the forefront as one of the student leaders who organised a students strike, protesting against the arrest of Nehru in 1940, and also the protest movement against the imperialist war in those days. Around the same time he came under the influence of Marxism – Leninism through Mohan Kumara Mangalam who was a Communist leader in those days. Thus he become a communist.

In 1940 itself, when he was in the second year course of the Engineering College, CP was expelled from the college for his nationalist and anti-war activities. He was issued a suomoto order ( that he shall not be admitted any college, any where) when he contemptuously refused to give an apology to the college authorities.

After he was refused admission into a degree college at Madanapalle (Andhra Predesh) where he planned to work as a student organizer, CP fully devoted himself to the Communist movement in India. He became a party organizer in Kurnool district committee and a member of the State Committee of the Communist Party from 1944 to 1966.

During the period of Telangana armed struggle, he went to underground and worked to build the communist revolutionary movement in Rayalaseema region, then under Madras Province. In 1952 he was elected to the Madras assembly as communist party candidate. Beginning from from the quit India movement in 1942 he was arrested and put in prison a number of times – in 1942, 1950, 1952 and 1964-66. But neither any hardship nor the repeated imprisonment could defeat his courage and conviction.

Along with comrades Tarimela Nagi Reddy and Devulapali Venkateswara Rao, he was in the forefront of the revolutionary wing of the communist party during the decade of great debate from 1957 to 1967. With the first split in the CPI he joined the CPI(M) and was a Secretariat member of its Andhra Pradesh State Committee, during 1966 – 1968. During this period when the CPI(M) leadership exposed its neo-revisionist face, Comrade CP waged a determined struggle along with Comrades TN and DV to expose and isolate the Neo-revisionist leadership in Andhra. He effectively presented alternative draft of Andhra Communist Revolutionaries at CPI(M)'s Burdwan plenum. Subsequently along with other he was in the forefront in organizing the Communist Revolutionary ranks, and in the struggle against neo-revisionism and also Charu Mazumdar's left adventurist policies during 1968-69.

however, soon he parted company with Comrades Tarimela Nagi Reddy and Devulapalli Venkateswara Rao and organized another group; then the CPI(ML), in association with SNS in 1974. After a long pass of the time, the then UCCRI(ML) and CPI(ML)CP Reddy wing – two organisations established contact and embark on constructive relations, since 1982. Not withstanding some differences on certain important questions they have been striving to develop a common understanding through discussions and joint activities on the issues agreed upon by respective mass organisations. During these discussions Comrade CP expressed deep concern for unity.

COMRADE SATYANARAYAN SING, General Secretary of one of the CPI(ML) group, died on 21.10.84 at the age of 62 years. He died of a massive heart attack, in King George Hospital at Visakhapatanam (Andhra Pradesh). Comrade SNS has been one of the prominent leaders of the CPI(ML) groups which have been struggling to arrive at a correct understanding and practice of Indian Revolution.

Comrade SNS was in Secretariat of CPI(M)'s Bihar State committee in mid sixties. In late sixties he broke off from neo-revisionists and joined the All India Co-ordination Committee of Communist Revolutionaries. When the CPI(ML) was formed under the leadership of Charu Mazumdar, Com. SNS became of its Central Committee.

Subsequently, opposing some aspects of Charu Mazumdar's left adventurism, he broke off from the CPI(ML) and organized another under the same name in 1972. Com. SNS had been the General Secretary of the then CPI(ML) which passed through various developments under his leadership.

His sudden death was a great disappointment. Not withstanding his mistakes, Comrade SNS has been hard working and energetic comrade who sacrificed his life in the Communist Revolutionary Movement.

We pay our homage to the veteran Communist leaders Comrade Promode Sen Gupta, Comrade CP Reddy and Comrade SNS. We pledge to learn from these leaders positive and negative experiences of their role in the Indian Communist movement and carry forward our struggle for a principled unity and for the cause of India Revolution.

[ This article is from 'CLASSSTRUGGLE' – Organ of the Central Committee of CPI (ML).
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