Thursday, August 20, 2015

POLITICAL RESOLUTION. Adopted by CC of CPI(ML) in June 2015.

Adopted by CC of CPI (ML) in June 2015.

International Situation: 

The world economic crisis,which struck various countries with different intensity, is cyclical in nature, developing in the worsening general crisis that set in the middle of last century. It is accentuating all the basic contradictions: between capital and labour; between various imperialist countries, and between imperialism and oppressed nations and people of the world.

The imperialist countries are on the economic decline. The US imperialism has registered zero industrial growth. 73 per cent of the working families are forced to depend upon food supply schemes in the US. One in every four has no employment. In Japan there is further decline in the economy. Several countries in the European Union are facing recession that is pronounced in Greece, Spain, Portugal, Italy and Ireland and is at the door steps of UK, France, Germany, Belgium and others. The bourgeois economists themselves are saying that the leaders of world capitalist system will take many years to return to the pre-2008 level of economic activity and then start recovering, if at all possible.

The imperialist camp’s hopes on Brazil, India and China, which they call as “engines of growth”and thus lucrative for their finance capital, found completely misplaced as these economies have slowed down. The burden of the crisis is being placed on the backs of workers and toiling masses in all countries of the world. In Europe, there are massive layoffs of workers, reduced wages, job
precariousness etc. in the name of labour flexibility to maximize profits.

The migrant workers are the worst exploited around the world. Added to this, they are being subjected to racial discrimination. They are being shown as enemies of native-born workers, blaming them for rising unemployment, hiding the fact that the migrant workers are cheap labour being used by the monopoly capital for accumulation of wealth. In Europe, neo-Nazi forces are thriving by organizing anti-migrant sentiment into hatred and physical attacks on them with the tacit support from the ruling classes.

The economic crisis, the super exploitation of working mass and the imperialist plunder, intervention, occupation and war are forcing the massive migration of millions human beings, who leave their country fleeing war, violence and misery and are looking for better future. In this effort they are finding borders closed. Hundreds die in crossing and thousands perish at the sea. If they succeed in reaching their destination, they are subjected to most cruel oppression and exploitation. They are abused and mistreated by the very imperialist powers who have caused ruin of their countries.

In the imperialist countries, while the monopoly financial sharks are being fed by the public funds,the budget for social expenditure on education, health, housing etc. is being curtailed drastically. Many countries have raised retirement age and lowered wages and increased the working day.As a result of the unabated crisis, imperialist powers are implementing increasingly brutal, aggressive, exploitative and repressive policies against the people. These include the restriction of civil and democratic rights and their gradual abolition.

Exercising authoritarian powers in the name of war on terrorism, denying the right to self- determination of people and trampling their sovereignty turned into a daily routine. To throw the burden of crisis on to the backs of people and oppressed nations, imperialism, particularly US imperialism is seeking to perpetuate its domination on the other countries. This is evident in the massive increase of budgets of military spending and growing number of military interventions, threats of aggression on the third world countries.

The imperialist powers are vying with each other to corner the vast resources in the African continent. For this they are dividing the countries like Sudan, racking up internecine wars among various nationalities in the sub-Saharan countries, using brutal suppression on people who revolted against their client governments as in Tunisia and Egypt. Millions of acres of fertile land was grabbed by the MNCs and rich mineral resources were gobbled up by the finance capital.

In the Middle East, the control of energy resources became crucial for the US imperialism in order to not only  dominate the third world, but also to turn its European rivals depend on it for oil. Hence,Afghanistan, Iraq, Iran, Libya, Syria and Yemen were and are being subjected to aggression and occupation.

In its drive for world hegemony, the US imperialism is sharpening its contradiction and rivalry with other imperialist powers. Russia resisted US’s attempts to militarily intervention in Syria that drove a wedge among the US’s European allies. Only France, Israel, Saudi Arabia and Turkey supported the
US, while several of its allies backed out.

 The US imperialism established economic, military and political relations with the Central Asian republics of former Soviet Union. It is also trying to isolate Russia from East European countries and central Asian republics. On the other hand, Russia, after recovering from its crisis which was due to its transition from state capitalism to the western type of monopoly capitalist structure, started to resist the US imperialist incursions. This led to many conflicts, the latest being Ukraine. It vetoed the US proposal in the Security Council to wage aggression on Syria.

As the Russia has economic strength, natural resources and military might to match the US imperialism, it nurtures ambitions to play an important role in the world arena. The possibility of Russia becoming a potential competitor in the world arena to the US, the rise of China as a capitalist power and its growing economic influence at the international plane, and the attempts by Russia to join hands with China as seen in the formation of Shanghai cooperation became a nightmare for the US imperialism.

To counter this and to continue its domination, the US imperialism is paying particular attention to the South Asia. It rallied Japan, Australia and India into what it is calling the pivot, to maintain its supremacy in Asia and Pacific region and curtail the Russian and Chinese access to the Indian Ocean.

In all the countries the people are showing their discontent; they are protesting and are looking fora way that leads to the resolution of their problems. All over the world, the working class is struggling not only for economic demands but also for certain democratic and political demands. The governments that came to power at the crest of the peoples struggle, particularly in Latin America, implemented progressive and anti-imperialist programmes to certain extent, but could not sustain them under the pressure from the crisis and are succumbing to imperialist machinations.

When the people had revolted against dictatorship and tyranny in Tunisia and Egypt, it was taking shape into an anti-imperialist movement. The US imperialism utilized Islamic fundamentalists as well as coups and direct military interventions to put down these revolts and to divert these movements from taking up revolutionary path. Yet people’s resistance is growing against US imperialism in these countries.

The people of the world are not remaining passive. They are developing their struggles and organisations. They need a correct leadership – the leadership of a communist party – to lead their struggles against imperialism and domestic reactionary classes, thus leading them towards the emancipation from exploitation and oppression.

National Situation

The BJP led government at the center completed one year in office. During the election campaign,Narendra Modi was projected as icon of development and decisiveness in contrast to UPA’sPM Manmohan Singh. The Indian big bourgeoisie supported him saying that he brings rapid economic development.

After assuming power, true to the election campaign, abki bar Modi
Sarkar, Modi became the sole decision maker, centralized power in his office and even cabinet ministers are kept aside. He undertook unprecedented number of foreign tours beginning with Bhutan, Brazil Sri Lanka, Nepal, UK, Japan, Germany, US, Canada, Australia, France,Mauritius, Fiji, China, Mongolia and South Korea. He addressed more NRI meetings in these countries than his attendance in the Indian Parliament. He used his addresses to NRIs to placate his image as a world leader back at home. The sole aim of these foreign tours is the outright sale of India to the foreign capital with the slogans of “Make in India” and “doing business with ease”. He asked the foreign capitalists to come to India and invest here as his government is bending every law of the land in their favour and offering its mineral resources cheaply and the labour power made docile.

He claimed that Make in India policy would turn India into a world manufacturing centre creating millions of jobs for the Indian youth. This rhetoric apart, Modi government, which has stepped into the shoes of UPA government, is committed to carry forward strategic alliance with the US imperialism.

 Modi agreed to the US condition on nuclear power plants relieving the US companies from any liability in the case of an accident. He opened the defence production to the foreign finance capital, which in reality would be assembling of knocked down kits. He also agreed to become part of US's Asia pivot policy along with Japan and Australia. Thus the Indian bondage of subservience to US imperialism has been raised to dangerous height.The re-signing of the expired India-US Strategic Alliance Treaty had given the task of providing security in the Malacca strait to the Eastern Naval command of Indian Navy on behalf of the US imperialism.

The recent so-called ‘hot pursuit’ of NSCN(K) in which the Indian army took military operation inside the Myanmar and following chest-thumping and warnings to the neighboring countries by a cabinet minister of India betrayed the regional expansionist ambitions of Indian ruling classes as a junior partner to US imperialism. This rhetoric apart, Modi government continued the process that is being called as reforms process, from where the previous government left it.

 Modi government deregulated the diesel prices as a continuation of UPA policy of removing notional subsidy on petroleum products. He opened up the remaining sectors of Indian economy for the free flow of capital from imperialist countries, particularly defense production and insurance sectors. It allowed
entry of foreign capital up to 51 per cent in the multi brand retail sector.

BJP opposed these measures when it was in opposition and UPA government proposed them. Modi government made amendments to Mines and Minerals Act so that all the coal blocks allotted to private sector would be continued undisturbed. These allotments were the main plank of corruption charges against the UPA during the election campaign. The amendment also allowed the state
government to sell off their mineral resources.

Modi government issued ordinance amending Land Acquisition Act 2013. This act was never implemented since its enactment. The amendments extended the power of government to acquire land from the peasants not only in the name of public interest, but also to undefined term Public Private Participation. Moreover it has done away with the clause for social impact assessment
which identifies the number of people affected and compensated in June 2015 addition to land owners. It is playing the same deceit on the people as the previous UPA government by claiming that compensation be paid four times more than the prevailing market price of the land acquired, but in actuality, it only pays double the rate registered in the sale deeds.

Modi Sarkar replaced the Planning Commission with National Institution for Transformation of India (NITI) Ayog. The Planning commission with all its limitations used to allocate funds to the social sectors such as education, health, women and Child, income and poverty, infrastructure and environment. Modi Sarkar considered the Planning Commission as useless relic of command economy and it should be replaced by a new body that promotes co-operative federalism in India. Nobody knows what this term means. 

 As its name suggests, NITI Ayog is to be in the nature of think tank for “transforming” India, making all the Chief Ministers its members. After the first meeting it was decided to hold its meetings region wise. The allocation of funds to the states for their plans which until now exercised by the Planning Commission, was appropriated by the Finance Ministry.

The immediate impact is visible in the allocations for social expenditure. The allocations for Special Component Plan for Scheduled Castes and Tribal Sub- plan in 2015-16 budget was reduced to Rs.30,805 from Rs.43,208 crore last year and to Rs.19,980 from Rs. 26,715 crore respectively. According to the guidelines, allocations should be made in proportion to the population, ie. 16.6 per cent for SCP and 8.6 per cent for TSP. Then the allocations should have been raised to Rs. 77,236 crore for SCP and Rs. 40,014 crore for TSP.The axe fell on education too.

The Prime Minister inaugurated Teacher Education Mission with much fanfare, speaking of a “five year training course” and exporting teachers across the world in lakhs. This is followed by across the board cuts in budgetary allocations to sarvashiksha Abhiyan (primary) and Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (Intermediate) schemes.

The HRD minister Smriti Irani said in the parliament that cuts are unavoidable as there is raise of funds to higher education, which means that the education is not the priority for the Modi government. Even the higher education, most of it is privatized while a few premier institutions are being run by the government. The previous government started the process of clipping the wings of those institutions that oversee the higher educational institutions like UGC, AICTE and IMC. The Modi Sarkar continued it and now these institutions became sub departments under HRD ministry. While there is all-round criticism that the standards in the higher education have fallen drastically. AICTE and IMC are now proposing to relax the norms regarding faculty for starting an engineering and medical colleges by the private sector with a spurious plea of regional imbalances.

Next comes the health and medical services. The goal of universal health care is not achieved even after more than six decades. This failure is being shown as plea to advocate private health insurance as the way out. The policy of promoting health insurance by private companies started by the UPA government is being continued by the Modi government. Most of this sector has already been occupied by the foreign companies.

The crisis in the agricultural sector continues unabated as the Modi Sarkar continued the anti- peasant policies pursued by the UPA government. The peasants became so vulnerable that a single untimely rains have dashed all their hopes and drove them to commit suicide. The intensity of crisis has now deepened in more states and extended to even food crops. The BJP government has not paid any attention to alleviate the sufferings of the peasants. Moreover, it took the implementation of anti-peasant policies of UPA to their logical conclusion that is, withdrawing the state procurement agencies, privatizing the agricultural markets, gradual diversion of bank loans from peasants to agribusiness, withdrawing the support to the peasants etc.

Celebrating one year in office, Modi inaugurated kisan channel and exhorted the peasants to utilize it to raise yields and realize world prices for their produce as though it was due to their fault they landed in the present crisis.It is not clear that the Modi government is driving the peasants out of their land using economic levers as was done by the previous government.

According to some estimates, the overall reductions in the social sector spending add up to about Rs. 1.75 lakh crore (The Hindu, 26- 5-2015) while the Modi government continued the tax concessions to big bourgeoisie and foreign capital  given by the UPA rule to the tune of Rs. 5 lakh crore per annum. The retrospective collection of income tax on royalty payments made by the Indian subsidiary to its parent company was waived, showering thousands of crore of rupees for single company, Nokia, on the spurious plea of not to scare away the foreign capital from India.

To divert the people’s attention from this frontal attack on the social sector, Modi announced the so - called social security schemes, viz., Prime Minister Jan Dhan Yojana,Prime Minister Jeevan Jyoti Beema Yojana, Prime Minister Suraksha Bima Yojana and Atal Pension Yojana.

The PMJDY has been touted as an initiative for financial inclusion, with the target of providing one bank account for a family. Within a span of few months, the target of opening 15 crore bank accounts was almost reached. Though final statistics are yet to be released, there are contrary claims by various agencies.

 One claims that these accounts deposited Rs. 15,000 crore, while another claims that 58 per cent of these accounts has no money. These accounts will soon receive money as the PM wants to implement the Direct Benefit Transfer, a high sounding name for cutting down the subsidies. Once the money comes into these accounts, it will be automatically debited to above three schemes. If there is insufficient funds in the JDY accounts, all the schemes will cease to exist. To put it straight, the government is not taking any responsibility of the socially weaker sections, while at the same time, making accessible the small incomes of these sections to global finance capital through banking system.

Modi gave a call to swachh Bharat, which puts the onus of keeping the cities and villages clean on the people instead of making the local bodies effective both financially and organizationally. As usual the programme turned into a show, where all the leaders compete with each other not in cleaning the streets, but to be visible on TV screens.

Simultaneously the Modi Sarkar gave a call for smart cities. It identified 100 cities to make them smart, which provide 24/7 water, power and gas supply with free flowing traffic on roads lined with greenery and Wi-Fi internet service. It is not that these 100 cities will provide all the above civic amenities, but it envisages to build small towns near these cities with all the facilities promised, while the situation in the original cities would further deteriorate.

Instead of keeping the religion outside the affairs of state, which is the norm in a democratic system,under the wings of the BJP government, the RSs and its outfits are doing everything to polarize the society on communal basis. Campaign for the Ghar Wapasi was undertaken to justify the coercive
conversion of non-Hindus to Hindu religion as was happened in Agra. Spewing hatred against non-Hindus became the order of the day. The frequent statements like calling those not following Ram as illegitimate child, calling madrassas as dens of terrorism, asserting that the population of Muslims was rapidly increasing and therefore Hindu women should produce four children, those who eat beef should go to Pakistan to live etc. are being hurled on the people from the highest positions that are supposed to upheld the sanctity of the Constitution.

This wanton communalization is influencing the lower middle class urban youth and rural elite, who are active in taking up the role of moral policing,be it dictating the dress code to women and their behavior pattern, be it attacks on the progressive writers. The PM himself call the human rights activists as five star activists in a derogative manner set the tone and tenor for the cultural policing
being resorted to by the RSS and its outfits.

Apart from continued attacks on Muslim community, the attacks on Christians are increasing – 11 incidents reported since December 2014 including Delhi, West Bengal, Maharashtra, Haryana, Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh. The impact of these localized attacks organized by the RSS and its outfits is the spread of religious intolerance, social hatred, marginalizing the minorities and muffling the democratic voices.

Yet the Modi Sarkar can distance from these acts by expressing displeasure on certain outrageous statements, to deflect the criticism. It can be said that in spreading the communal virus far wider and deeper into the Indian society the Modi Sarkar is successful in its first year. Unable to solve not even single basic problem of the people, the Modi government is resorting sharpening the teeth of repressive laws. By enacting the Gujarat Control of Terrorism and organized Crime Act, the Modi government is encouraging the state government to enact such laws. It also taking devious route to do away with the labour laws by asking the state government to make amendments.

It is again the BJP-ruled Rajasthan that amended the labour laws so that the hard won rights of the workers were trampled. This is followed by the Andhra Pradesh government which amended the some labour laws. It is also leaving no stone unturned to trample the rights of adivasis on forests, land and water and forest produce. In a bid to hand over the rich mineral resources to the MNCs, it is trying to remove the clause of prior informed consent of gram sabhas when forest land is proposed to put to use other than agriculture. Our party has correctly assessed that “NDA coming to power means people’s rights would be suppressed in a fascist manner to allow big capital to grow unhindered”

Modi government has inherited a crisis ridden economy. It is part of the crisis plaguing the world capitalist system. This crisis cannot be overcome unless and until our economy is freed from the shackles of imperialism. The Modi government by changing certain parameters for calculating GDP showed that the Indian economy is recovering after Modi took over. It claims that the government was successful in curtailing inflation. In fact, the crash of oil prices has soothing effect on inflation at macro-level. But prices of daily necessities of common man continue to rise.

In a situation where the parliamentary opposition parties including the left have accepted imperialist globalization as a fact of life and are implementing the same where they were in power, the people as well as the country are faced with future fraught with grave danger.

This calls upon the communist revolutionary forces to come forward to take on the challenge. They should close their ranks, strengthen themselves organizationally and in terms of class and mass organisations and movements. They must strive to forge unity and alliance with democratic and patriotic forces in order to fight the dangers ahead and mobilise and organize the people for united struggle on the following demands:

1. Scrap Land Acquisition
2. Scrap mining and Mineral
3. Implement Land Reforms!
4. Scrap Labour Reforms!
5. Increase allocations to social
welfare programmes like
education and health!
6. Oppose Communalism!
7. Oppose communalization of
education and culture!
8. Oppose National Chauvinism!
9. Stop construction of Nuclear
power plants!
10. No to Foreign capital!
11. Oppose Imperialist aggression!
12. Solidarity with the struggling
people and oppressed nations.


Friday, June 12, 2015


Indian Revolution – Indian Communist Movement
Approach Paper

Ninety years had passed since the formation of the communist Party of India. Since its inception the party was subjected to repression. This repression was unleashed on the freedom loving national revolutionaries as well as on the communist fighters who participated in the independence struggle with anti-imperialist aim. They were implicated in Peshawar, Lahore, Kanpur and Meerut conspiracy cases. In the trial of Kanpur and Meerut conspiracy cases, Communists had not concealed their ideals and causes. They declared that it is not at all a crime to wage struggle for the liberation of people of India from the imperialist shackles and to emancipate the toiling masses of workers, peasants and weaker sections from economic, political and cultural exploitation. They voiced the necessity for the people to organize against feudalism, imperialism and capitalism.

We, as communists, during 1925 to 1947, and then up to 1952, had built the movements of workers and peasants while participating in the independence movement. We have organized many a militant struggle of working class. The middle class employees and teachers got organized under our leadership. We organized the writers and artists with patriotic, democratic and socialist aims. We fought for the rights of women and made them part of the movement for independence and peace. The communist party established itself as the party of the toiling people with the policies andslogans: oppose fascist war, protect socialism, Oppose communalism and national chauvinism, and oppose the attempts of the imperialist, feudal and capitalist forces to flare up communal, caste and regional clashes among the people.

Until 1942, for two decades, the party through its hard and untiring work in the face of many repressions got itself identified as the third largest party in the country. It gained wide recognition among the people even in the midst of internal struggles on the policies of the party. The peoples movement had reached the level of armed resistance.

 The party worked with a concrete programme against feudal ideology. It owned up and brought to light many social reformers and progressive writers. It showed the way for a new culture by promoting on a wider scale the widow marriages. Model marriages as against the traditional form of marriage. It opposed the child marriages and marriages against the will of the girls. It worked for the gender equality. The communist party swam against the tide at a time when the untouchability, caste discriminations and blind faiths andpractices were prevalent.

The communist party educated the people on how to resist the feudal atrocities: if you do not have a stick in your hand even a goat will bite you; get your selves armed and fight against caste oppression and communal attacks. It was the party which inculcated the consciousness among the people and made them to organize around the general slogans of independence, democracy, socialism and world peace and led the people’s movements and built the organized peoples resistance against imperialism and feudalism. The dedicated work without expecting anything in return personally and even laying down their own lives by thousands of party members and hundreds of party cadres were invaluable. We cannot forget the positive impact they have made on the society. The values and commitments established by that generation of communists continue to inspire and worth emulating to us even today.

The communist movement means the organisations and the agitations and struggles conducted by the organizations of patriots, democrats, workers, peasants, other toiling people in urban and rural areas, women, youth, students, children, writers and artists as well as they defying the atrocities committed by the exploiting classes and repression by the state. More than this the communist movement means the movement built through the life scarifying work with a social cause.

This was one phase. It was the best phase in the communist movement. But it could not marchforward. Why it was so? True, it could not march ahead; faced setbacks. Yet the cause of communism is there standing tall before us. With the strength of this cause, we will review the history; learn lessons from it and march forward.


Defeat of fascism in the Second World War and the victory of peace- loving, democratic and communist forces has brought many changes in the world. The victory of Soviet Union; its reconstruction of the country from the destruction wrought by the fascist war; the march of socialist construction; the coming to power of workers parties in East Europe; the victory of Chinese revolution; the rise of peasant struggles in our country; the progress of the party in various sectors – all this had two types of influence on the party leadership and ranks. Subjective thinking had overtaken the dialectical materialist approach. The central leadership of the party led the workers and peasants movements with two types of guidance.The differences in the political and ideological understandings in the leadership was the reason for this situation. There was struggle on two or three understandings at the level of central leadership.

 We cannot forget the fact that the root cause for the split in the communist party was the differences on the assessment of the character of bourgeoisie in India and the ideological differences that arose in the international communist movement. A friendly discussion on these issues can enable us to correct the mistakes in our understandings and show the way for our unity.

Along with the above issue, there is another crucial issue: the confusion prevailed in deciding the character of our society. At what stage we are now in the process of development of society from slave to semi-slave to feudal to semi- feudal, capitalist and to socialist system? The communist movement is plagued with the confusion and differences on this issue.

The character of big bourgeoisie in India and the process under which the power had come into its hands; its subservient relations with imperialism ; the support of imperialism to feudalism and feudal landlords support to imperialism helping each other to withstand or not – does these questions remain as points of difference? Are not serious differences existing in the assessment of these issues?

 Who is the national bourgeoisie? Is it industrialist or big business? Is it upper caste of middle class that owns and earns private property? Have not lack of clarity on this issue led todisunity in the party?

Has not the phenomenon manifested in the leadership of the party that was over awed by the philosophical thinking of and qualities of the bourgeois leadership of national movement, blunted our class orientation and the edge of our class struggle? Has not the role of our party as one of the leaders of national movement got reduced? As a result of this, had not the basic classes of the party – rural toilers and urban workers – ran behind the mirage of reforms by the exploiting government? Had not many alien theories raised their ugly heads due to abandoning of dialectical and materialist principle in conducting class struggles? Has not the party’s mass base and hold got weakened?In the struggle of proletariat, who stands by our side and who takes the side of exploiting classes? Are we taking the decision on these questions on the basis of class analysis? Are not our capabilities are being lost because of alien class outlooks on this issue?

Many communist sympathisers, well-wishers of revolutionary movement, even our adversaries are thinking that the personal ambitions, egos and careerism are the reasons for the inability of communists to remain in one organization. Consequently pessimism is being expressed. Are there no ideological, political and organisational reasons for the spread of such tendencies?The communist party is not discussing the differences on the basis of ideological principles and class struggles. The discussions are being focused on non-issues and secondary issues.

 Taking this as an advantage, some opportunist intellectuals who vulgarise communist ideas are mixing some progressive ideas with romanticism. They are spreading certain theories and ideas that are anti Marxist and serve the interests of exploiting classes. They are trying to project themselves as the ‘guides for the misguided communists’. This is a prominent trend today. Our failure to be sufficiently cautious about these intellectuals who maintain close relations with the communists and move around spreading wrong interpretations to communist theories and the histories of class struggle. As a consequence, alien class theories trends and practices are creeping into the party and are creating impediments to the process of our development.These forces cannot destroy us, but they remain as hurdles for class struggles and the unity of class movements.

 Keeping this whole situation in our view, where to begin our discussions? What are the ideological tenets to formulate clear cut policies? We have to concentrate on these issues.

What is the character of Indian society? What is the stage of Indian revolution? There is a need for deeper and wider discussion on these issues. There is need for discussions on the feudal and semi- feudal and colonial and semi-colonial characters, Is the understanding on penetrationof capital into rural economy new? Is then the idea that the entry of capital into rural India would change the nature of Indian society is being pushed forward? Then should the communist party adopt achieving socialism as its sole aim and work? If so, have we to change the understanding that imperialism, feudalism class Struggle and comprador bourgeoisie have become main impediments for the progress of people of India?

 Then are we proposing to put aside our programme of CPI (ML)? No, not at all. Our documents have to be tested in the practice. If we let the documents to remain as just documents and move in our own way, will not our integrity towards our policies be questioned? So we have to continue our practice based upon our party’s documents. At the same time, we are placing the above questions and issues for discussion keeping in view the long term perspective and the task of rallying and uniting forces on a broader scale. It is not unnatural if questions like is it correct to engage in academic discussions and is it necessary to open up the Pandora’s Box now etc. crop up. Yet it will cause no harm to the movement as long as we have enough convictions and commitment towards the cause and practice.

 The confusions being spread by the opportunist theoreticians and intellectuals have been influencing the genuine communists, Marxist- Leninists and disheartening the well- wishers of the communist movement. So the above issues are meant for wider discussion. Without keeping aside our practice, discussing the problems faced by the revolutionary movement dispassionately stands as a historic task and responsibility before all the communists today.

Let us make a success of the seminar on 3 &4 th April 2015 commemorating comrade KanuSanyal and thousands of communists fighters and martyrs.
                                                 With Revolutionary greetings.

Andra Pradesh State Committee


Thursday, May 14, 2015

Red Salutes to Comrade Kanu Sanyal - The Voice of Indian Revolution.


We are paying our revolutionary homage to our beloved leader Comrade Kanu Sanyal who left us five years back. His remembrance inspire us to persist in the mass line. In his 81 years of fruitful life, Comrade KS dedicated nearly 60 years to the communist movement. Since he was arrested for the first time in 1948, he spent 14 years in jail and many more years in underground life. Com. KS along with his comrades in arms made consistent effort to build peasant and workers movement in Darjeeling district implementing mass line and opposing right and left deviation. The result was the Naxalbari Peasant Uprising in 1967 that took the Indian society by storm.

The Indian ruling classes had brutally suppressed the Naxalbari and Srikakulam peoples movements, killing many leaders and activists of the movement and Adivasi people. The left sectarianism that raised its head in these movements became a hurdle for these movement to withstand the onslaught by the ruling classes. Neither the setback in the movement nor long years of prison life had mellowed down the revolutionary spirit of Com. KS. He waged relentless struggle against the left and right oppotunist trends while inside the jail as well as after coming out of it.

Comrades Devulapalli Venkateswara Rao, Tarimela Nagi Reddy, Chandra Pulla Reddy and Kola Venkaiah were in the forfront of the ideological and political struggle against revisionism, left and right deviations in the communist movement. By the 1970, ideological struggle against the adventurist line of CPI(ML) led by Com. Charu Mazumdar had begun both inside and outside the party. Com. KS took the mantle of this ideological struggle. The bitter experiences of left adventurist line and his talk with the leadership of Communist Party of China had sharpend this struggle.

Com.KS continued to have direct relations with adivasi peasants and tea garden workers of Darjeeling district while making all India level efforts to bring communist revolutionaries into a united single organization. As a result of these efforts, our CPI(ML) was formed in 2005 with Com.KS as its General Secretary. This CPI(ML) is the continuation of the 90 years old communist movement in India and it was not the re-formation or continuation of CPI(ML) of 1967. Under the able leadership of Com.KS, the CPI(ML) took up the task of evaluating the history of the period from 1967 to 1972. It concluded that the left sectarianism that raised its head during this period was against the tenets of Marxism-Leninism and Mao's Thought and had caused serious harm to the revolutionary movement in India. Comrade KS played his leading role to arrive at this conclusion unanimously by the organization and including it in the forward to the Constituion of the Party during the deliberation of the Central Committee meeting held in 2010, just two months before his death.

Basing on the documents of the CPI(ML) – the Programme, Path and Constitution – we are continuing our efforts to build class struggles and class organizations of people and to achieve unity of the communist revolutionaries. This resulted in the Unity of CPI(ML) and CPI(ML) central organ Janasakthi in 2013. During these 5 years we lost many of our senior comrades – Asit Sinha, Shabbar Hussain, Surendrer Sing Katiyar, Uma Shankar Sing and Manam Rama Rao – whose sharp class outlook and experience we regard as a treasure trove. We are moving forward with the inspiration of the values these comrads have upheld during their life time.

Today the rulingclasses in India are surrendering every interest of the people to the imperialist finance capital and Indian comprador Bourgeoise. With the BJP coming to the power at the centre, this process picked more momentum. As a result the people are facing many problems – no end to the unemployment, no means to decent livelihood, rising price due to more profits to monopoly capital, eviction of peasants from their lands through economic levers as well as the brutal force, trapling of rights of Adovasis, Dalits, women and Minorities.Added to this the unbridled and unabashed promotion of communalism by the ruling elite is tearing the delicate fabric of communal harmony weaved by the toiling masses. Any opposition to these policies are being suppressed with iron heel , while at the same time using language, caste, region and religion to divide the people by raking up hatreds among the people. It is the duty of the communist revolutionaries to lead the people in their struggle against the exploitition and oppression by the ruling classes and make them conscious of the necessity for overthrowing this system and build a new democratic social system. The life of Com. KS always guides us in our endeavor to organize the people into struggles.


( This article is from 'CLASS STRUGGLE', the Organ of the CPI(ML)

Visitors">free counters